1938 French Indochina Marianne One Cent Bronze Coin, 26 mm.
1938 French Indochina Marianne One Cent Bronze Coin, Lustrous Pristine Condition. Minor smudges.
Country. French Indochina Period. Third Republic (1870-1940) Type. Standard circulation coin Years. 1908-1939 Value. 1 Centime (0.01 ICFP) Currency. Piastre (1880-1952) Composition. Bronze Weight. 5.0 g Diameter. 26 mm Thickness. 1.26 mm
Obverse. Lettering and denomination around allegorical figures, mintmark below in exergue.
Reverse. Chinese script inside beaded circle, date below.
Lettering: INDO-CHINE FRANÇAISE 百 一 之 分 · 1939 ·
Translation: French Indochina One one-Hundredth
French Indo-China. A grouping of the three Vietnamese regions of Tonkin (north), Annam (centre), and Cochinchina (south) with Cambodia was formed in 1887. Laos came under French control in 1893 and became part of Indochina in 1899. Finally, the leased Chinese territory of Guangzhouwan was added in 1898. The capital was moved from Saigon (in Cochinchina) to Hanoi (Tonkin) in 1902 and again to Da Lat (Annam) in 1939. In 1945 it was moved back to Hanoi.
After the Fall of France during World War II, the colony was administered by the Vichy government and was under Japanese occupation until March 1945, when the Japanese overthrew the colonial regime. After the Japanese surrender, the Viet Minh, a communist organization led by Hồ Chí Minh, declared Vietnamese independence, but France subsequently took back control of French Indochina. An all-out independence war, known as the First Indochina War, broke out in late 1946 between French and Viet Minh forces.
In order to create a political alternative to the Viet Minh, the State of Vietnam, led by former Emperor Bảo Đại, was proclaimed in 1949. On 22 October and 9 November 1953, the Kingdom of Laos and Kingdom of Cambodia proclaimed their respective independence. Following the Geneva Accord of 1954, the French evacuated Vietnam and French Indochina came to an end.
A unique and beautiful piece of collection history.