1789 Electorate of Bavaria, of the Holy Roman Empire - Elector Karl Theodor One 1-Konventionsthaler "Mandonna Thaler" Beautiful Large Silver Coin, V.Scarce - Rare.
1789 Electorate of Bavaria, of the Holy Roman Empire - Elector Karl Theodor One 1-Konventionsthaler "Mandonna Thaler" Beautiful Large Silver Coin, Attractively Toned Great Condition V.Scarce - Rare.
Country. Electorate of Bavaria, of the Holy Roman Empire. Ruler. Karl Theodor, Elector (1777 - 1799) Years. 1798 Value. One 1-Konventionsthaler (Mandonna Thaler) Composition. Silver Weight. 28.6 g Diameter. 42.0 mm
- Karl Theodar, Electorate of Bavaria: - Charles Theodore (11 December 1724 – 16 February 1799) reigned as Prince-elector and Count Palatine from 1742, as Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1742 and also as prince-elector and Duke of Bavaria from 1777 to his death. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Sulzbach, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach.
Charles Theodore never became popular as a ruler in Bavaria. He attempted, without success to exchange the ducal lands of Bavaria, for the Austrian Netherlands and a royal crown, and he never managed to control the mounting social tensions in Bavaria. After a dispute with Munich's city council, he even moved the electoral residence in 1788 to Mannheim but returned only one year later.
In 1785, he appointed the American Loyalist exile Benjamin Thompson as his aide-de-camp and chamberlain. Over the next 11 years, Thompson reformed the army and many aspects of the state, rising to high ministerial rank with Charles Theodore's backing, and becoming Count von Rumford.
Charles Theodore is also known for disbanding Adam Weishaupt's order of the Illuminati in 1785.
In 1794, the armies of revolutionary France occupied the Duchy of Jülich, in 1795 they invaded the Palatinate, and in 1796 marched towards Bavaria. Charles Theodore begged Francis II for help that would have made Bavaria a puppet state of Austria. When he died of a stroke in Munich in 1799, the population in Munich celebrated for several days. He is buried in the crypt of the Theatinerkirche in Munich.
Despite the mutual dislike and distrust between the Duke and his Bavarian subjects, Charles Theodore left a distinctive mark on the city of Munich: it was during his reign that the English Garden, Munich's largest park, was created, and the city's old fortifications were dismantled to make place for a modern, expanding city. One of Munich's major squares, Karlsplatz, is named after Charles Theodore. Munich natives, however, seldom use that name, calling the square instead Stachus, after the pub "Beim Stachus" that was located there until construction work for Karlsplatz began, mainly because Charles Theodore, as noted above, never enjoyed the popularity in Bavaria that he enjoyed in the Palatinate.