1742 Kingdom of Hungary - The Humiliation of Maria Theresa by Friederick the Great of Prussia - “The Bared Queen , Unwilling to Put on a Pair of Trousers”, Beautiful Olden Satire Copper Hammered Medal, Large 40 mm.
1742 Kingdom of Hungary - The Humiliation of Maria Theresa by Friederick the Great of Prussia - “The Bared Queen , Unwilling to Put on a Pair of Trousers”, Beautiful Olden Satire Copper Hammered Medal. Excellent Condition Large 40 mm 13.4 Grs. Ultra Rare!
Country. Kingdom of Hungary
Subject. The Humiliation of Maria Theresa by Friedrich II the Great.
Inscriptions. “The Bared Queen , Unwilling to Put on a Pair of Trousers”
Size. 40.0 mm
Weight. 13.4 Grs.
The hammered medal is in extremely good condition, and is of > 250 years old. Ultra rare, this is beautifully made satire medal of the humiliation suffered by Marie Theresa by Freidhrich II the Great of Prussia.
- Marie Theresa, the Holy Roman Empress: -
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands, and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.
She started her 40-year reign when her father, Emperor Charles VI, died in October 1740. Charles VI paved the way for her accession with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 and spent his entire reign securing it. He neglected the advice of Prince Eugene of Savoy, who believed that a strong military and a rich treasury were more important than mere signatures. Eventually, Charles VI left behind a weakened and impoverished state, particularly due to the War of the Polish Succession and the Russo-Turkish War (1735–1739). Moreover, upon his death, Saxony, Prussia, Bavaria, and France all repudiated the sanction they had recognised during his lifetime. Frederick II of Prussia (who became Maria Theresa's greatest rival for most of her reign) promptly invaded and took the affluent Habsburg province of Silesia in the seven-year conflict known as the War of the Austrian Succession. In defiance of the grave situation, she managed to secure the vital support of the Hungarians for the war effort. Over the course of the war, despite the loss of Silesia and a few minor territories in Italy, Maria Theresa successfully defended her rule over most of the Habsburg empire. Maria Theresa later unsuccessfully tried to reconquer Silesia during the Seven Years' War.
Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, had eleven daughters, including the Queen of France, the Queen of Naples and Sicily, the Duchess of Parma, and five sons, including two Holy Roman Emperors, Joseph II and Leopold II. Of the sixteen children, ten survived to adulthood. Though she was expected to cede power to Francis and Joseph, both of whom were officially her co-rulers in Austria and Bohemia, Maria Theresa was the absolute sovereign who ruled with the counsel of her advisers.
Maria Theresa promulgated institutional, financial and educational reforms, with the assistance of Wenzel Anton of Kaunitz-Rietberg, Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz and Gerard van Swieten. She also promoted commerce and the development of agriculture, and reorganised Austria's ramshackle military, all of which strengthened Austria's international standing. However, she despised the Jews and the Protestants, and on certain occasions she ordered their expulsion to remote parts of the realm. She also advocated for the state church and refused to allow religious pluralism. Consequently, her regime was criticized as intolerant by some contemporaries.
- The Humiliation of Maria Theresa:-
When Charles IV (Holy Roman Emperor) died in October 1740, his vast empire faced with a crisis. The Habsburg Monarchy 'lacked a political identity: it was a collection of duchies & kingdoms. And since Charles IV had no sons, it was left to his eldest daughter Maria Theresa to take over the throne. Many believed as a woman, Maria Theresa would not be able to rule such a far-flung inheritance.
To shore up support for her daughter, Charles IV drafted the Pragmatic Sanction in which other European powers allow Maria Theresa to succeed her father in exchange for territories and lands. However, within a few months of Charles death, these European powers tore up the Pragmatic Sanction in an undignified manner to gain a piece of Maria Theresa's inheritance for themselves.
In December 1740, a militarily power league France, Spain, Bavaria, Saxony and their allies, launched a massive assault onto Habsburg lands. At the same time, Maria Theresa faced with a crisis of imperial proportion, the Holy Roman throne upon her father sat was an elected position and not a hereditary one. Each emperor was chosen by the rulers of the largest member states, who were known as Electors.
To make matters worst, woman were forbidden from ruling because of an ancient Germanic tradition known as Salic Law.
Maria Theresa was humiliated when the Elector of Bavaria - Charles Albert, declared himself emperor with the help of his allies. The final straw was when he was publicly betrayed one of Holy Empires most influential figures - King Frederick II of Prussia, more famously know as "Frederick the Great".
Since the day Charles IV died, Frederick placated Maria Theresa with promises of friendship and alliance. With wool pulled tightly over her eyes, Frederick II joined the alliance and marched straight into the richest and most valuable province in Habsburg realm, Silesia. He glibly boasted that his actions "prevented their occupation by any other power."
The Queen will never reconquer Silesia, nor would she forgive Frederick for his treachery and deception. They would remain archenemies until the day Maria Theresa died.