1688 Old England - Archbishop Sancroft & the 7 Bishops Imprisoned for Seditious Libel Against King James II's Second Declaration of Indulgence. Beautiful Casted Large Silver Medal, 47 mm.
1688 Old England - Archbishop Sancroft & the 7 Bishops Imprisoned for Seditious Libel Against King James II's Second Declaration of Indulgence. Beautiful Casted Large Silver Medal, Fascinating Details 47 mm 21.2 Grs. > 300 Years Antique, Ultra Rare!
Country. Old England
Subject. Archbishop Sancroft & the 7 Bishops Imprisoned for Seditious Libel Against King James II's Second Declaration of Indulgence.
Size. 47.0 mm
Weight. 21.2 Grs.
The olden casted medal is in extremely good condition, and is of more than > 300 years old. Ultra rare, this is beautifully made original of capturing Archbishop Sancroft & the 7 Bishops Imprisoned for Seditious Libel Against King James II's Second Declaration of Indulgence.
- Archbishop Sancroft & the 7 Bishops vs King James II: -
William Sancroft (30 January 1617 – 24 November 1693) was the 79th Archbishop of Canterbury, and was one of the Seven Bishops imprisoned in 1688 for seditious libel against King James II, over his opposition to the king's Declaration of Indulgence.
- Declaration of Indugence:-
The Declaration of Indulgence or Declaration for Liberty of Conscience was a pair of proclamations made by James II of England and VII of Scotland in 1687. The Indulgence was first issued for Scotland on 12 February and then for England on 4 April 1687. It was a first step at establishing freedom of religion in the British Isles, although part of the king's intention was to promote his own minority religion, Catholicism, reviled by most of his subjects.
The Declaration granted broad religious freedom in England by suspending penal laws enforcing conformity to the Church of England and allowing persons to worship in their homes or chapels as they saw fit, and it ended the requirement of affirming religious oaths before gaining employment in government office.
By use of the royal suspending power, the king lifted the religious penal laws and granted toleration to the various Christian denominations, Catholic and Protestant, within his kingdoms. The Declaration of Indulgence was supported by William Penn, who was widely perceived to be its instigator. The declaration was greatly opposed by Anglicans in England on both religious and constitutional grounds. Some Anglicans objected to the fact that the Declaration had no specified limits and thus, at least in theory, licensed the practice of any religion, including Islam, Judaism, or paganism.
- The First Indulgence Declaration 1687: -
In Scotland the Indulgence stated that subjects were to obey the King's "sovereign authority, prerogative royal, and absolute power" "without reserve". The Presbyterians initially refused to accept the Indulgence. The King re-issued it on 28 June, giving the Presbyterians the same liberties as Roman Catholics; this was accepted by most of the Presbyterians, with the notable exception of the Covenanters. The Indulgence, as well as granting religious liberties to his subjects, also reaffirmed the King as absolute.
The English version was welcomed by most non-conformists, but, as in Scotland, the Presbyterians were more reluctant to wholeheartedly accept it. There was concern that the toleration rested only on the King's arbitrary will.
- The Second Indulgence Declaration: 1688: -
The English Indulgence was reissued on 27 April 1688, leading to open resistance from Anglicans. Few clergy read out the indulgence in Church.
William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury, and six other Bishops presented a petition to the King declaring the Indulgence illegal. James regarded this as rebellion and sedition and promptly had the seven bishops tried; however, the bishops were acquitted. Many Presbyterians were sceptical of the king's intentions in proclaiming the Declaration, while other dissenters, including the Quakers and the Baptists, gave thanks to the king for the Indulgence.
The Indulgences were voided when James II was deposed in the Glorious Revolution. The Bill of Rights abolished the suspending power.